Anxiety And Insomnia

The categories and types are broken down as follows:

  1. Type 1: highly distressed, often struggling with neuroticism or prone to anxiety and feeling tense.
  2. Type 2: moderately distressed but sensitive to rewards or positive events.
  3. Type 3: moderately distressed and not sensitive to rewards or positive events.
  4. Type 4: slightly distressed and high reactivity, or being very sensitive to stressful life events.
  5. Type 5: slightly distressed and low reactivity, or being lowly sensitive to stressful life events.

Additionally, there are different forms of insomnia that a person may struggle with, including the following:

  • Acute insomnia: This is characterized by a brief experience with insomnia, often due to a stressful life event. It often resolves without the need for treatment.
  • Chronic insomnia: This is characterized by having difficulty falling asleep three or more nights a week, for longer than three months. There are many causes that may result in chronic insomnia, but chronic is distinguished by a long-term pattern of difficulty sleeping.
  • Comorbid insomnia: As mentioned previously, comorbid insomnia is the presence of insomnia alongside other medical conditions, either psychiatric or physical illnesses such as arthritis or chronic pain. In these cases, insomnia is not a side effect of the condition but exists independent of it.
  • Onset insomnia: This type of insomnia is characterized by difficulty falling asleep initially at the beginning of a sleep cycle.
  • Maintenance insomnia: This type of insomnia is characterized by difficulty staying asleep, though typically without issue falling asleep initially. Rather, the problem arises due to the afflicted waking up and being unable to fall asleep later at night.

Effects of Insomnia

Sleep is an essential function that the body needs in order to recuperate, heal, and maintain energy. If you’re struggling to get sleep due to anxiety, insomnia, or a mix of both, this can have some unfortunate side effects on the body if left untreated for an extended period of time.

Medical Side Effects

As noted by Healthline, long-term insomnia can lead to other medical issues such as:

  • Increased risk of stroke.
  • Asthma attacks.
  • Increased risk of seizures.
  • Weakened immune system functions.
  • Increased sensitivity to pain.
  • Increased risk of inflammation.
  • Increased risk of diabetes mellitus.
  • Increased chance of unhealthy weight fluctuation.
  • Heightened blood pressure.
  • Increased risk of heart disease.

Additionally, prolonged insomnia can shorten a sufferer’s life expectancy significantly. As noted through a collection of sleep studies, lack of sleep can increase a person’s risk of dying by up to 12% compared to those that get a regular 8 hours of sleep.

Mental Health Side Effects

Additionally, insomnia can cause adverse mental health side effects, including:

  • Depression.
  • Anxiety.
  • Feelings of confusion, irritability, or frustration.
  • Emotional instability.

One study found that the lack of sleep could impair the brain’s ability to process negative emotions or experiences, which in turn can increase a person’s chances of developing mental illnesses such as depression or anxiety. Primarily, lack of sleep could be affecting the processes of the amygdala, which is in the primary part of the brain responsible for emotion and memory.

In addition, insomnia may also result in an increased risk for accidents due to daytime sleepiness or may cause other issues related to work and school. It may also affect your sex drive, memory, and judgment.

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